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# How to Calculate Percentage in IGNOU

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) is a renowned distance learning institution in India that offers a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses. As a student at IGNOU, it is essential to understand how to calculate your percentage accurately. Whether you are aiming for a high grade or simply want to track your progress, calculating your percentage can provide valuable insights into your academic performance. In this article, we will explore the step-by-step process of calculating percentage in IGNOU, along with relevant examples and case studies.

## Understanding the Grading System in IGNOU

Before diving into the calculation process, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with the grading system used by IGNOU. IGNOU follows a 10-point grading system, where each course is evaluated based on a letter grade and corresponding grade points. The grading system is as follows:

• A+: 10
• A: 9
• B+: 8
• B: 7
• C: 6
• D: 5
• E: 4
• F: 0

Now that we have a clear understanding of the grading system, let’s move on to the calculation process.

## Step-by-Step Process to Calculate Percentage in IGNOU

Calculating your percentage in IGNOU involves a straightforward process. Follow these steps to determine your percentage accurately:

The first step is to gather the grades you have received for each course. You can find this information on your grade card or mark sheet provided by IGNOU. Make a note of the grade points associated with each course as well.

### Step 2: Calculate Grade Points Earned

Next, calculate the total grade points earned by summing up the grade points for each course. For example, if you have taken five courses with grade points of 8, 9, 7, 6, and 10, the total grade points earned would be 40 (8 + 9 + 7 + 6 + 10).

### Step 3: Calculate Total Credits

Each course in IGNOU carries a specific number of credits. To calculate the total credits, add up the credits assigned to each course. For instance, if the five courses mentioned earlier carry credits of 4, 3, 3, 2, and 4, the total credits would be 16 (4 + 3 + 3 + 2 + 4).

### Step 4: Calculate Percentage

Finally, divide the total grade points earned by the total credits and multiply the result by 10 to obtain your percentage. Using the previous example, the calculation would be as follows:

(Total Grade Points Earned / Total Credits) * 10 = Percentage

(40 / 16) * 10 = 25

Therefore, the percentage in this case would be 25%.

## Example Calculation

Let’s consider an example to illustrate the calculation process further. Suppose a student has completed three courses with the following grades and credits:

To calculate the percentage, we follow the steps mentioned earlier:

Step 2: Calculate Grade Points Earned

Total grade points earned = 9 + 8 + 10 = 27

Step 3: Calculate Total Credits

Total credits = 4 + 3 + 2 = 9

Step 4: Calculate Percentage

(Total Grade Points Earned / Total Credits) * 10 = Percentage

(27 / 9) * 10 = 30

Therefore, the percentage in this case would be 30%.

## Case Studies

Let’s explore a few case studies to understand how the calculation process works in different scenarios.

### Case Study 1: Student A

Student A has completed four courses with the following grades and credits:

To calculate the percentage:

Step 2: Calculate Grade Points Earned

Total grade points earned = 7 + 9 + 6 + 8 = 30

Step 3: Calculate Total Credits

Total credits = 3 + 4 + 2 + 3 = 12

Step 4: Calculate Percentage

(Total Grade Points Earned / Total Credits) * 10 = Percentage

(30 / 12) * 10 = 25

Therefore, Student A’s percentage would be 25%.

### Case Study 2: Student B

Student B has completed two courses with the following grades and credits: