How to Start a Commune



Starting a commune can be an exciting and fulfilling endeavor for those seeking an alternative way of living. Communes provide a sense of community, shared resources, and a focus on sustainability. In this article, we will explore the steps involved in starting a commune, including finding like-minded individuals, securing a location, establishing governance, and managing resources. By following these guidelines, you can create a thriving commune that promotes cooperation, self-sufficiency, and a sense of belonging.

Finding Like-Minded Individuals

The first step in starting a commune is finding like-minded individuals who share your vision and values. Building a strong community requires individuals who are committed to the principles of cooperation, sustainability, and shared responsibility. Here are some strategies to find potential members:

  • Attend local community events and workshops focused on sustainable living and intentional communities.
  • Join online forums and social media groups dedicated to communal living.
  • Organize meetups or gatherings to connect with individuals interested in starting a commune.

Securing a Location

Once you have a group of like-minded individuals, the next step is to secure a suitable location for your commune. Consider the following factors when choosing a location:

  • Accessibility: Look for a location that is easily accessible to all members, preferably within a reasonable distance from urban areas.
  • Size: Determine the size of the property based on the number of members and the activities you plan to undertake.
  • Zoning and Legal Considerations: Research local zoning laws and regulations to ensure that your commune is compliant.

It is important to involve all members in the decision-making process to ensure that the chosen location meets everyone’s needs and preferences.

Establishing Governance

Establishing a clear governance structure is crucial for the smooth functioning of a commune. Here are some steps to consider:

  • Consensus Decision-Making: Communes often operate on a consensus-based decision-making model, where all members have an equal say in the decision-making process.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: Define roles and responsibilities within the commune to ensure that tasks are distributed fairly and everyone contributes to the community’s well-being.
  • Conflict Resolution: Develop a process for resolving conflicts and addressing disagreements within the commune.

By establishing a transparent and inclusive governance structure, you can foster a sense of ownership and accountability among the members.

Managing Resources

Managing resources effectively is essential for the sustainability of a commune. Here are some strategies to consider:

  • Shared Finances: Decide on a financial system that works for your commune, such as pooling resources or establishing a cooperative economy.
  • Food Production: Explore sustainable food production methods, such as organic gardening or permaculture, to ensure a steady supply of food for the community.
  • Energy and Water: Implement renewable energy sources and water conservation practices to reduce the commune’s environmental impact.

Regular communication and collaboration among members are key to managing resources efficiently and ensuring the long-term sustainability of the commune.


Starting a commune requires careful planning, finding like-minded individuals, securing a suitable location, establishing governance, and managing resources effectively. By following these steps, you can create a thriving commune that promotes cooperation, sustainability, and a sense of belonging. Remember, building a successful commune takes time, dedication, and a shared vision. Embrace the journey and enjoy the rewards of communal living!


1. How many people are typically needed to start a commune?

There is no set number of people required to start a commune. It can vary depending on the goals and resources of the community. Some communes start with as few as five members, while others may have dozens or even hundreds of members.

2. How do communes sustain themselves financially?

Communes sustain themselves financially through various methods. Some communes pool their financial resources and share expenses, while others may generate income through collective businesses or by offering services to the surrounding community.

Yes, there are legal considerations when starting a commune. It is important to research local zoning laws and regulations to ensure compliance. Additionally, establishing legal agreements among members, such as a partnership or cooperative agreement, can provide a framework for governance and decision-making.

4. How do communes handle conflicts and disagreements?

Communes typically have established processes for conflict resolution and addressing disagreements. Consensus-based decision-making allows all members to have a voice in the decision-making process, and open communication channels help address conflicts in a constructive manner.

5. Can communes be sustainable in the long term?

Yes, communes can be sustainable in the long term. By implementing sustainable practices such as renewable energy, organic farming, and water conservation, communes can reduce their environmental impact and ensure long-term sustainability. Regular evaluation and adaptation of practices are essential to maintaining sustainability.

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